Reverse Robin Hood: Six Billion Dollar Companies Preying on The Indegent

‘Making money off the indegent continues to be a booming business, ‘ laments Quigley. (Photo: Jeremy Brooks/flickr/cc)

Numerous see families in poverty and look for to aid. Others see families in poverty and find out possibilities for revenue.

Listed below are six samples of billion buck companies which are constructed on isolating the indegent, particularly folks of color, from their funds, the reverse Robin Hood.

Always Always Check Cashing Organizations

Always always Check cashing organizations. Money a $100 check? At Walmart which is $3. At TD bank non-customers spend $5 to cash a check from their bank.

Almost 10 million households containing 25 million individuals do not have any bank-account in line with the FDIC. Most simply because they would not have sufficient money to keep the absolute minimum stability within their account.

Always check cashing business are section of a $100 billion industry in excess of 6,500 check cashing organizations in the usa, numerous which provide cash sales, domestic bill re re payments and so on, based on testimony supplied to Congress because of the industry.

Pawn Shops

Significantly more than 30 million individuals utilize pawn store financing services for the loan that is average of150. One business, money America, has 84 check cashing facilities and 859 financing places in america, over 260 in Texas alone, expanding over $1 billion in pawn loans. Within their 2014 report that is annual disclose that 30 % of men and women never come back to redeem the product they pawned in addition to sale of these things accocunts for over 1 / 2 of the organization profits. The business paid millions in charges in 2013 for overcharging people in the armed services and filing court that is inaccurate in huge number of situations. The CEO was handed $6 million in 2014.

Overdraft Costs

Overdraft charges, if you find maybe maybe perhaps not sufficient profit the bank account or charge card to pay for all acquisitions, is an $11 billion industry for banking institutions, in accordance with the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. A current ny days article describes just exactly how banking institutions sometimes charge overdraft charges even if the client has sufficient profit their records to pay for the purchase and had been obligated to spend a lot more than a billion bucks for manipulating your order of acquisitions to increase the probabilities that their clients will need to spend additional charges.

Payday Advances

Payday advances are employed by individuals over 15 million times per year and will cause debt that is deep and frequently include amazing percentages as high as 391 per cent based on the customer Financial Protection Bureau.

Pew Charitable Trusts reported spend day loans are a definite $7 billion buck per year industry. The Federal Trade Commission won a $300 million instance against two lenders that are payday had been deceiving borrowers, whom, as an example, took away a $300 loan reasoning it could possibly be paid back for $390 when in fact the lending company had been asking $975 to repay the $300 loan. The usa Department of Justice indicted former battle automobile motorist Scott Tucker on unlawful costs for running a $2 billion nationwide pay day loan procedure which routinely charged interest on loans for over 4.5 million folks of 400 to 700 per cent each year. The nation’s biggest unsecured guarantor loan business, Advance America, charged almost 140,000 people in new york yearly portion prices surpassing 450 per cent until it absolutely was stopped by their state.

Vehicle Title Loans


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Significantly more than 2 million individuals utilize car name loans on a yearly basis, having to pay about $3 billion in costs every year, with typical percentage that is annual of 300 %, in payday loans Maine line with the Pew Charitable Trusts. The middle for Responsible Lending estimates there are over 7000 organizations which loan money to individuals according to keeping the title with their automobiles, often charging as much as 300 % interest that is annual that they promote as 25 % each month. The borrower that is average a loan of $951 and pays off $3,093.

Commercial collection agency

Business collection agencies is really a $13 billion buck per year industry using a lot more than 140,000 employees in 6,000 businesses, based on the federal customer Financial Protection Bureau.

Loan companies make a lot more than 1 billion (yes having a b! ) connections with customers every year, relating to their industry that is own publication. Twelve million individuals (5.3 % of customers) have reached minimum thirty day period behind on the re re re payments, based on the Urban Institute. Thirty-five per cent of all of the grownups with credit files, 77 million people, have actually financial obligation in collection reported in their files. Professional Publica reviewed 5 years of court judgments and discovered the price of judgements was twice as full of mostly black colored areas as it had been in white ones.

The buyer Financial Protection Bureau has over 74,000 complaints about poor commercial collection agency, its quantity one problem, based on a report that is recent of Alliance for the simply Society.

They are maybe maybe not companies that are just small big names like Citigroup, Capital One, JPMorgan Chase, Bank of America and Wells Fargo, in reality the Alliance just for Society reported the major organizations with debt collections are making almost $100 million in contributions to federal applicants and events since 2001 and another $280 million on federal lobbyists.

Citibank had been sued twice by the federal CFPB over falsified papers and supplying information that is inaccurate financial obligation collections and consented to settle the situation.

Your debt collector using the biggest quantity of complaints, Encore Capital Group, focuses primarily on purchasing up debts off their creditors after which filing thousands and thousands of lawsuits ended up being obligated to cancel a lot more than 4,500 court judgments against borrowers in nyc after it absolutely was faced with filing shoddy legal actions.

JPMorgan Chase paid over $130 million to stay an incident against it brought by lawyer generals from 47 states for improperly gathering debts under what exactly is called robo-signing, where appropriate papers are authorized and filed without the right review. JPMorgan early in the day paid $389 million in fines and refunds to credit-card consumers for difficulties with financial obligation collections.


There was some great news. Democrats created and passed into legislation the buyer Financial Protection Bureau that will be now starting to gain some traction in monitoring and managing these practices that are predatory. Bad news is Republicans like Ted Cruz want to destroy it plus some Democrats are attempting to hobble it. There are good teams like the middle for Responsible Lending which offer exceptional informative data on the abuses. However in the meantime earning money off the indegent continues to be a business that is booming.